Understanding “Free Choice” and “Hand Fed” Feeds Which Include Chlortetracycline

by | Mar 13, 2017 | News | 0 comments

As we continue to hear questions and feedback from the industry about new regulatory changes, we’re working with our Expert Council to provide a series of Expert Notes to the industry to help address questions and concerns, supply additional information and educate stakeholders about compliance.

Our Expert Council is made up of industry professionals and licensed veterinarians who have partnered with us, providing years of expertise and knowledge from their fields of research and current practices. Learn more about GlobalVetLINK’s Expert Council here.


Understanding “Free Choice” and “Hand Fed” Feeds Which Include Chlortetracycline

Michael D. Apley, DVM, PhD

Overview
As the new VFD labels come into effect, a common question is the status of “free choice” and “hand fed” feeds, especially in relation to medicated mineral feeds.

Free choice is defined as “a method of feeding livestock in which various feeds are kept constantly available and the feeders (animals) are allowed to balance their own diet.”

Hand fed, on the other hand, is a designation assigned in the drug approval process in which feed is required to be fed daily in order for the animals to be observed each day when there is concern for adverse drug reactions.

Chart

There is only one approved chlortetracycline indication for free choice feeds:
“Beef and non-lactating dairy cattle: As an aid in control of active infection of anaplasmosis caused by Anaplasma marginale susceptible to chlortetracycline when delivered in a free-choice feed.”

There are four proprietary FDA approved free choice feed formulations and one public FDA approved free choice feed formulation containing the approved chlortetracycline free choice indication for control of active cases of Anaplasmosis. All other indications and formulations are to be hand fed (fed daily).

It is illegal for a veterinarian to fill out a VFD for a label application of a feed drug knowing that it will be used in another manner (e.g., dose, duration, indication, or feeding practices). It is illegal for a distributor to distribute feed based on a VFD knowing that the intended use is different than on the VFD. It is illegal for the recipient of the VFD to use the feed in any manner than as authorized on the VFD.

Regardless of personal opinions on these new drug labels, previous practices, and the associated VFD process, it is important that all beef cattle veterinarians be on the same page regarding the regulatory situation.

Chart


For more detailed and technical information, download a pdf of the full article here

Recent GVL Blog Posts

Compliant horse travel for 30 days or 6 months?

Compliant horse travel for 30 days or 6 months?

Why acceptance of EECVI continues to grow among veterinarians, horse owners and state animal health officialsA number of state animal health officials launched the Extended Equine Certificate of Veterinary Inspection (EECVI) program in January 2019. EECVIs function...

Q&A and Resources from Safe Air Cargo Transport of Pets Webinar

Q&A and Resources from Safe Air Cargo Transport of Pets Webinar

In our recent webinar, How to Help Clients Prepare for Safe Air Cargo Transport of Pets, Dr. Nelva Bryant presented on what veterinarians can expect with air transport of animals, suggestions to prepare pets for travel via cargo, and the risks and stressors associated...

Support Report from GVL Customer Success

Support Report from GVL Customer Success

To welcome springtime, we’re launching a monthly newsletter created by the Customer Success team to highlight seasonal trends, helpful hints, and GVL news.A view from our desks (at home) As the weather warms across the country, EIA/Coggins season has officially taken...